The fundamental pillar of diabetes for its control is diet. If you are a diabetic patient but not insulin dependent you must comply with a diet. Most importantly, this will help you to an adequate weight and will achieve a balance with the insulin secreted by the body. But if you are type 1 diabetic, that is, insulin dependent, diet is indispensable. So you can achieve the balance between insulin injection and the food consumed.
The glycemic index is the one that occurs when a food based on carbohydrates is ingested and glucose levels increase. And when they are digested, the sugars they contain are absorbed.
Foods are digested according to the composition of the nutrients, both fiber and the rest of the food in the diet.
When eating foods with a very high glycemic index it happens that by increasing the degree of glucose in the blood it is secreted. And the cells don’t burn fat, fat metabolism is activated. That is why blood sugar is converted to fat, and stored in adipose tissue.
After three hours, the insulin that had been secreted manages to use glucose and goes into a state of hypoglycemia. For this reason you feel the need to eat to start the whole process.
Balance and tastes
The diet must be balanced and adjusted to the needs, tastes and physical exercises of the person. But respecting a schedule, volume of food and types, adjusted to the diabetic patient. It is recommended that the patient acquire knowledge of nutrition and make some changes in their eating routines.
The more you understand the diet and its components, the greater the enjoyment. Remember that the needs of your diet are few usual than the rest of the people.
When you understand the whole nutritional balance, you can design your eating plan. So you can make important food decisions.
To control the level of blood sugar it is convenient to consume foods with low glycemic index. So avoid simple sugars while you can do it. The consumption of whole grains and foods high in fiber is suggested. The latter slow down the process of food through the stomach and intestine, to decrease the absorption of carbohydrates.
You should not gain weight. The fat developed in the body of a diabetic patient makes the use of their own insulin more difficult. You must learn to provide the contribution of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Avoid diets that alter the proportions of nutrients recommended for a healthy person.
Vegetable and animal fats 2
To have an optimal level of lipids in the blood, it is preferable to distribute saturated, monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. Therefore, do not eat foods with cholesterol, because they produce a great risk of heart disease. For the diabetic’s diet it is advisable to consume 70% of vegetable fats and the rest of animal fat.
Food should be fresh and under processed. For example, vegetables and fresh steamed raw. But you can also consume natural yogurts or whole grains. Discard restaurant food, industrial ice cream, and preserves, etc.
To complete a successful diet do not consume sausage, sausages, sausages, salads with dressings, lard, pork fat, among others. The foods to be consumed must be rich in vitamins, minerals, fatty acids, among others. You must know how to combine the diet by combining vitamins and minerals. Evaluate the degress of chromium and zinc in citrus fruits to respond to insulin.
Try to eat on a small plate to reduce portions. You should eat 4 or 5 times a day to maintain blood sugar.
Do not skip meal time and chew slowly. Controls the contribution of sodium in the diet. Thus you prevent suffering from high hypertension.